Francois Guilbeau, Jr. (1813-1879) moved to San Antonio in 1839 during
the early years of the Republic of Texas. The French-born entrepreneur
opened the first wine shop on Main Plaza; it remained in business until the
turn of the century. The popular young bachelor became Mayor Pro-Tem in
1841. Then he became Mayor when Juan Seguin resigned in disgrace at the
request of the Board of Alderman.
Guilbeau married Rosario Ramon in 1848; they established a vineyard and
chateau in France, where Rosario died. He started a profitable oxcart
shipping business that flourished until the railroad came to San Antonio.
The Guilbeau home on S. Flores in San Antonio became the French
Consulate in 1855 when Guilbeau became Consul of France. He assisted the
French Government in obtaining rootstock from Texas grapevines to save
the French wine industry. Guilbeau referred his longtime friend, French
Agriculture Commissioner Jules Poinsard to Thomas Volney Munson in
Sherman, Texas, who was known as the Grape Man of Texas. Munson was
the viticulturist who learned to graft the hearty rootstock of Texas mustang
grapes onto European varieties, making their vines resistant to the
phylloxera. Guilbeau carted hundreds of tons of Texas mustang root
cuttings by ox train to Galveston for shipment to France.
That collaboration saved the French Wine Industry from destruction by
phylloxera. Francois Guilbeau served his native France and his adopted
Texas well. Viva La France and Long Live Texas and the men and women
who made her great!
All images provided by the Texas State Historical Association. For more
information on the Guilbeau family, visit the TSHA website.