Battle for Margaret Mitchell’s Farm
On the 14 th day of March 1781, Margaret Mitchell’s North Carolina farm was
inundated by thousands of Continental soldiers. Margaret, a widow, lived on the
farm with her son Adam, daughter-in-law Elizabeth and their eight children. Their home, close enough to Guilford Courthouse, was used as a public house when court was in session.
Every able-bodied man around Guilford Courthouse was invited to take a position,
front row center to welcome British General Cornwallis and his men to Guilford
County. Cornwallis was the commander of the British army. The men of Guilford
weren’t soldiers but farmers and merchants. Some had fought Indians in the
woods of North Carolina. A few men like Adam Mitchell, served in the NC Militia.
Major General Nathanael Greene commanded the Continental Army. He knew the
men to be excellent marksmen. He asked that they give the opening volley to the
Adam sequestered his mother, wife, and children in the family spring house. He
joined the men behind a split rail fence, which would be the first of three
defensive lines. Here they would watch the sun go down, waiting for their
uninvited guests to arrive. To be continued on March 15 th .
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